Peru's historic and geographic characteristics define much of its current economic and research activities.
Mining (i.e. copper, lead, gold, silver, molybdenum, iron ore and zinc) is the biggest source of income for the country. Therefore, a delicate balance between the rational use of its reserves and social justice is maintained by the government, non-government, and private organizations.
Active areas of scientific research are interested in the characterization and rational use of the large Peruvian biodiversity including natural products from plants and marine life. Also, there are groups of professionals specialized in infectious diseases including tuberculosis, dengue fever, and malaria.
Peru is a highly centralized country with over a third of its population (about 30 million) concentrated in Lima. Air pollution is a major concern for Lima's residents.
- Ministry of Environment (Ministerio del Ambiente - MINAM)
- Ministry of Health (Ministerio de Salud - MINSA)
- National Institute of Health (Instituto Nacional de Salud)
- Ministry of Production (Ministerio de la Producción - PRODUCE)
- Ministry of Energy and Mines (Ministerio de Energía y Minas - MINEM)
- Ministry of Labor (Ministerio del Trabajo)
- People's Ombudsmen (Defensoría del Pueblo)