Breaking News

Error rendering macro 'rss' : Failed to recover from an exception:


<iframe width="425" height="350" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" marginheight="0" marginwidth="0" src=",-28.125&spn=87.656688,149.414063&z=2&output=embed"></iframe><br /><small>View <a href=",-28.125&spn=87.656688,149.414063&z=2&source=embed" style="color:#0000FF;text-align:left">Obsolete Pesticides</a> in a larger map</small>

While pesticides pose possible health and environmental hazards wherever they are used, communities in developing nations often face additional hazards uncommon in industrialized nations. The goals of this Toxipedia section are a) to raise public awareness about the impacts of pesticide use in developing nations, and b) to help link environmental health professionals in developing nations with each other and with information resources addressing these complex and critical issues.

We are developing additional topic pages; if you have suggestions on resources or topics to add, please email

Topic Pages

General Resources

Nonprofit Organizations (NGOs)
International Agencies
  • Interstates Pesticide Committee for Central Africa:"The major objective of CPAC is the sanitation of agricultural production for the preservation of the environment and the health of local consumers, as well as to enhance the competitiveness of local agricultural produce on the international market."
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) Environmental Burden of Disease Country Profiles: "WHO presents updated country data on the burden of disease that is preventable through healthier environments. These estimates provide the stepping stone for informed policy making in disease prevention."
  • UN Environment Program (UNEP), Pesticide-related Activities at UNEP Chemicals: "The UNEP/DTIE Chemicals Branch actively promotes sound management of chemicals within the framework of Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM)."


Pimentel, David, ed. Encyclopedia of Pest Management. Taylor & Francis, 2006. (Includes the article "Pesticide Health Impacts in Developing Countries" by Aiwerasia V. F. Ngowi, Catharina Wesseling, and Leslie London. Abstract available here.)

Farah, Jumanah. Pesticide Policies in Developing Countries: Do They Encourage Excessive Use? Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1994.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Unless otherwise noted, the links below are for article abstracts.