EPN

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Lead Editor

Just the facts


Physical Information

Name: EPN

Use: insecticide

Source:

Recommended daily intake: none

Absorption: inhalation, dermal contact, ingestion

Sensitive individuals: all, but particularly children and adolescents

Toxicity/symptoms: sweating, tearing, weakness, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, tightness in chest, seizures, loss of consciousness, diarrhea, abdominal cramps

Regulatory facts: WHO and Superfund list EPN as an extremely hazardous substance

General facts: EPN is no longer an active ingredient in any registered pesticide in the US

Environmental: Acutely toxic to birds, mammals, and aquatic animals

Recommendations: If exposed to EPN, seek medical attention

Chemical Structure




Structure retrieved from alanwood.net

 

Pharmacology and Metabolism


EPN has been found to persist in the tissues of chickens and cats, but is effectively metabolized by rats (#ToxNet).

Discovery and Development


EPN is no longer an active ingredient in any registered pesticide in the United States (#ToxNet).

Health Effects


Symptoms of exposure to ENP can include convulsions, headaches, dizziness, sweating, unconsciousness, wheezing, muscle cramps. If ENP is ingested, symptoms can extend to abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea (#PAN Pesticides Database). High levels of ingestion could potentially cause death (#ToxNet).

Repeated exposure to EPN may not show any side effects, but could be increasingly hazardous (#ToxNet).

Precautions


Occupational exposure to EPN is most likely to occur through inhalation or dermal contact. To avoid exposure through ingestion, always wash hands with soap and water before eating or smoking, and wash all agricultural food before consuming. Children can also be exposed to EPN by touching their parents contaminated clothes (#ToxNet).

If exposed through inhalation, fresh air and rest is recommended; artificial respiration may be necessary if exposure is great. If EPN gets on clothes or skin, wash with soap and water. If ingested, vomiting should be induced if person is conscious. In all cases, medical attention should be sought (#PAN Pesticides Database).

Regulation


The World Health Organization (#PAN Pesticides Database) and Superfund (#Scorecard.org) categorize EPN as an 'Extremely Hazardous' substance.

The Occupational and Safety Health Act lists EPN as an air contaminant.
Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, EPN is listed as a registered pesticide (#Scorecard.org).


References



Environmental Defense Fund. Chemical Profiles, EPN. Scorecard.org. Accessed 06/16/07.


National Library of Medicine. Hazardous Substances Databank - EPN. ToxNet. Accessed 06/17/07.


Pesticide Action Network. PAN Pesticides Database - EPN. Accessed 06/16/07.

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